Medically Indicated Infant Formula Supplementation: Educating and Supporting Mixed Feeding Families

1.0 NAPNAP Contact Hour. This continuing education activity is offered at a reduced rate to NAPNAP Members. This continuing education activity rate is $10 for NAPNAP Members. For non-members, this continuing education activity rate is $20. This course is an archived presentation from NAPNAP's 2023 National Conference and is offered free with a coupon for conference attendees until 12/31/23. 

Though human milk feeding is the gold standard nutrition for newborns and infants, exclusive human milk feeding is not always achievable. Using case studies and personal accounts, this presentation aims to help providers identify infants who require supplementation and review recommendations for how to supplement safely and effectively while still working toward achieving the lactation goals of the family. The presenters will also discuss the history of supplementation and current trends including issues related to the recent formula shortage.

Please note that this program is a recording from a live and virtual session from NAPNAP 2023 national conference in Orlando, Fla. If you earned CE for this session, this course will be a duplicate.

IMPORTANT: You must be logged in using your NAPNAP Username and Password to be recognized as a Member of NAPNAP.  If you are a current member of NAPNAP, and you are being asked to purchase this activity, please contact the NAPNAP National Office at (877) 662-7627 to request assistance prior to entering any payment information.    

Participants are forbidden to reproduce, republish, redistribute, or resell this course in any other form. For copyright-related questions, please email your question to:

Copyright 2023 © by National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners 

This continuing education activity is administered by the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners as an agency providing continuing education credit. individuals who complete this program and earn a 70% or higher score on the post tests will be awarded 1.0 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners contact hours.

Keywords: breastfeeding, nutrition, infant nutrition, human milk, formula, milk bank, supplementation

Target Audience

Pediatric-focused advanced practice registered nurses.

Learning Objectives

  • Review the history of supplementation and its evolution.
  • Identify infants requiring medically indicated formula supplementation.
  • Compare and contrast various types of supplementation including infant formulas, milk banking and informal milk sharing.
  • Apply appropriate supplementation, including volume and methods of supplementation and feeding techniques.
  • Provide support and education to mixed feeding families using patient-centered care and shared decision making.
Course summary
Available credit: 
  • 1.00 Contact hours
Course opens: 
Course expires: 

Cynthia A. Chew, DNP, CPNP-PC, IBCLC

Christine Pfundstein, MS, APRN, CPNP, IBCLC

Available Credit

  • 1.00 Contact hours


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