The Use of Codeine and Tramadol in the Pediatric Population—What is the Verdict Now?
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Copyright © 2018 by the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This continuing education activity is administered by the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) as an Agency providing continuing education credit. Individuals who complete this program and earn a 70% or higher score on the post test will be awarded 0.5 NAPNAP contact hours of which 0.5 contain Pharmacology and 0.50 related to Controlled Substance.
Pediatric-focused advanced practice registered nurses
1. State the new FDA warnings regarding codeine and tramadol use in the pediatric population.
2. Describe the metabolism of codeine and tramadol.
3. Summarize adverse events from the use of codeine and tramadol reported in the literature.
4. Identify alternative non-opioids and opioids for the management of pain in children.
Megan Fortenberry, PGY2 Pediatric Pharmacy Resident, Department of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina Health Care, Chapel Hill, NC.
Justin Crowder, PY4 Pharmacy Student, University of North Carolina, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, NC.
Tsz-Yin So, Pediatric Clinical Pharmacist, Department of Pharmacy, Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Greensboro, NC.
Conflicts of interest: None to report.
Correspondence: Tsz-Yin So, PharmD, BCPS, Pediatric Clinical Pharmacist, Department of Pharmacy, Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, 1200 N. Elm Street, Greensboro, NC 27401;
- 0.50 Contact hours